Cardiogramme
Logo   Accueil | Table des matières | Téléchargements | Liens |   Mentions légales   | Contact |Abréviations
Logo  

Bibliographie

Lectures conseillées

BARNARD M, MARTIN B. Cardiac anaesthesia. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010
CHATTERJEE K. The Swan-Ganz catheters: past, present, and future. A viewpoint. Circulation 2009; 119:147-52
FERRARIS VA, BROWN JR, DESPOTIS GJ, et al. 2011 update to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons and the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists blood conservation Clinical Practice Guidelines. Ann Thorac Surg 2011; 91:944-82
GARCIA-DELGADO M, NAVARRETE-SANCHEZ I, COLMENERO M. Preventing and managing perioperative pulmonary complications following cardiac surgery. Curr Opin Anesthesiol 2014; 27:146-52
HENSLEY FA, GRAVLEE GP, GLENN P. A practical approach to cardiac anesthesia. 5th edition. Philadelphia:
Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2012
HILLIS LD, SMITH PK, ANDERSON JL, et al. 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline for coronary artery bypass graft surgery: Executive summary. Anesth Analg 2012; 114:11-45
KORTE W, CATTANEO M, CHASSOT PG, et al. Perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy in patients with coronary artery disease. Thromb Haemost 2011; 105: 743-9
KOZEK-LANGENECKER SA, AFSHARI A, ALBALADEJO P, et al. Management of severe perioperative bleeding : Guidelines from the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2013; 30:270-82
MICHARD F. Changes in arterial pressure during mechanical ventilation. Anesthesiology 2005; 103:419-28
NALLA BP, FREEDMAN J, HARE GMT, MAZER CD. Update on blood conservation for cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26:117-33
SOUSA-UVA M, STOREY R, HUBER K, et al. Expert position paper on the management of antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Eur Heart J 2014; 35:1510-4

Références

1 ALBRECHT E, éd. Manuel pratique d’anesthésie, 3ème edition. Paris: Elsevier-Masson, 2015, 53-113
1a AFILALO J, ALEXANDER KP, MACK MJ, et al. Frailty assessment in the cardiovascular care of older adults. J Am Coll Cardiol 2014; 63:747-62
2 ANDRITSOS MG. Con: Methylene blue should not be used routinely for vasoplegia periopertaively. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011; 25:736-8
3 ANTOGNINI J. Hypothermia eliminates isoflurane requirements at 20 degrees celsius. Anesthesiology 1993; 78:1152-7
4 ASCIONE R, ROGERS CA, RAJAKARUNA C, ANGELINI GD. Inadequate blood glucose control is associated with in-hospital mortality and morbidity in diabetic and nondiabetic patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Circulation 2008; 118:113-23
5 ASHES CM, YU M, MEINERI M, et al. Diastolic dysfunction, cardiopulmonary bypass, and atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Br J Anaesth 2014; 113:815-21
6 AUFFRAY JP, ROCH A. Médicaments et circulation extracorporelle. In: JANVIER G, LEHOT JJ. Circulation extracorporelle: principes et pratique. Rueil-Malmaison: Arnette 2004, 387-8
7 AUGOUSTIDES JGT. Integrating outcome benefit into anesthetic design: the promise of steroids and statins. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011; 25:880-4
8 AULER JO, GALAS PF, HAJJAR L, et al. Online monitoring of pulse pressure variations to guide fluid therapy after cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 2008; 106:1201-6
9 AUROY Y, NARCHI P, MESSIAH A, et al. Serious complications related to regional anesthesia: results of a prospective study in France. Anesthesiology 1997; 87:479-86
10 AVIDAN MS, JACOBSOHN E, GLICK D, et al. Prevention of intraoperative awareness in a high-risk surgical population. N Engl J Med 2011; 365:591-600
11 AVIDAN MS, ZHANG L, BURNSIDE BA, et al. Anesthesia awareness and the bispectral index. N Engl J Med 2008; 358:1097-108
12 AYA HD, CECCONI M, HAMILTON M, RHODES A. Goal-directed therapy in cardiac surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Anaesth 2013; 110:510-7
13 AZARI DM, CORK RC. Comparative myocardial depressive effects of propofol and thiopental. Anesth Analg 1993; 77:324-9
14 BALSER JR, BUTTERWORTH J. Cardiovascular drugs. In: HENSLEY FA, et al, eds. A practical approach to cardiac anesthesia. 3rd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2003, 34-97
15 BARASH PG, CULLEN BF, STOELTING RK, GAERTNER E. Précis d’anesthésie clinique. Paris:Arnette, 2008, 1115-1204
16 BARRINGTON MJ, KLUGER R, WATSON R, et al. Epidural anesthesia for coronary artery bypass surgery compared with general anesthesia alone does not reduce biochemical markers of myocardial damage. Aneswth Analg 2005; 100:921-8
17 BARVAIS L, HEITZ D, SCHMARTZ D, et al. Pharmacokinetic model-driven infusion of sufentanil and midazolam during cardiac surgery: Assessment of the prospective predictive accuracy and the quality of anesthesia. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2000; 14:402-8
18 BAZARAL MG, PETRE J, NOVOA R. Errors in thermodilution cardiac output measurements caused by rapid pulmonary artery temperature decreases after cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesthesiology 1992; 77:31-37
19 BERNARD F, DENAULT A, BABIN D, et al. Diastolic dysfunction is predictive of difficult weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesth Analg 2001; 92:291-8
20 BETTEX DA, SCHMIDLIN D, CHASSOT PG, SCHMID ER. Intrathecal sufentanil-morphine versus intravenous sufentanil analgesia in fast-track cardiac surgery. Can J Anaesth 2002 ; 49:711-7
21 BIGELEISEN PE, GOEHNER N. Novel approaches in pain management in cardiac surgery. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2015; 28:89-94
22 BIGNAMI E, BIONDI-ZOCCAI G, LANDONI G, et al. Volatile anesthetics reduce mortality in cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2009; 23:594-9
23 BILLARD V, MOULLA F, BOURGAIN JL, et al. Hemodynamic response to induction and intubation: propofol/fentanyl interaction. Anesthesiology 1994; 81:1384-93
24 BILLINGS FT. Early postoperative statin therapy is associated with acute kidney injury following cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010; 24:921-6
25 BLAISE GA, WITZELING TM, STILLVINAY P, et al. Fentanyl is devoid of major effects on coronary vasoreactivity and myocardial metabolism in experimental animals. Anesthesiology 1990; 72:535
26 BLOMBERG SG, SVORKDAL N. Thoracic epidural anesthesia for treatment of refractory angina pectoris. Bail Clin Anesthesiol 1999; 13:83-99
27 BOLDT J. Volume therapy in cardiac surgery: Are Americans different from Europeans ? J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2006; 20:98-105
27a BONNATTI J, VETROVEC G, RIGA C, et al. Robotic technology in cardiovascular medicine. Nat Rev Cardiol 2014; 11:266-75
28 BOSTON US, SLATER JM, ORSZULAK TA, COOK DJ. Hierarchy of regional oxygen delivery during cardiopulmonary bypass.. Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 71:260-4
29 BOVILL JG. Anesthesia for patients with impaired ventricular function. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2003; 7:49-54
30 BOVILL JG, BOER F. Opioids in cardiac anesthesia. In: KAPLAN JA. Cardiac anesthesia. Philadelphia : W.B. Saunders Co, 1999, pp 573-609
31 BRAUNWALD E, COLUCCI WS. Clinical aspects of heart failure. In: BRAUNWALD E. Heart disease. A textbook of cardiovascular medicine. Philadelphia : W. B. Saunders Co, 1997, 445-70
31a BRINKMAN W, HERBERT MA, O’BRIEN S, et al. Preoperative -blocker use in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: national database analysis. JAMA Intern Med 2014; 174:1320-7
32 BRISTOW MR. Antiadrenergic therapy of chronic heart failure. Surprises and new opportunities. Circulation 2003; 107:1100-2
33 BRIX-CHRISTENSEN V, TONNESEN E, SORENSEN IJ, et al. Effects of anaesthesia based on high versus low doses of opioids on the cytokine and acute-phase protein response in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1998; 42:63-70
34 BRODDE OE. Pathophysiology of the beta-adrenoreceptor system in chronic heart failure. Eur Heart J 1991;12 (suppl F):54
35 BRODDE OE, DAUL A, MICHEL-REHNER L, et al. Agonist-induced desensitization of beta-adrenoreceptor function in humans. Circulation 1990; 81:914-21
36 BRUTSAERT DL, SYS SU, GILLEBERT TC. Diastolic dysfunction in post-cardiac surgical management. J Cardiothor Vasc Anesth 1993; 7(suppl 1):18-20
37 BUFFINGTON CW, DAVIS KB, GILLEPSIE S, et al. The prevalence of steal-prone anatomy in patients with coronary artery disease. Anesthesiology 1988; 69:721
38 BUTTERWORTH JF, PRIELIPP RC, ROYSTER RL, et al. Dobutamine increases heart rate more than epinephrine in patients recovering from aortocoronary bypass surgery. J Cardiothorac Vac Anesth 1992; 6:535-41
39 CAMM AJ, CAPUCCI A, HOHNLOSER SH, et al. A randomized active-controlled study comparing the efficacy and safety of vernakalant to amiodarone in recent-onset atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol 2011; 57:313-21
40 CAMPAGNA JA, MILLER KW, FORMAN SA. Mechanisms of action of inhaled anesthetics. N Engl J Med 2003; 348:2110-24
41 CANNESSON M, LE MANACH Y, HOFER CK, et al. Assessing the diagnostic accuracy of pulse pressure variations for the prediction of fluid responsiveness. Anesthesiology 2011; 115:231-41
42 CAPPABLANCA G, ROTUNNO C, DE LUCA TSL, et al. Protective effects of steroids in cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis of randomised trials. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011; 25:156-65
43 caputo m, alwair h, rogerS CA, et al. Thoracic epidural anesthesia improves early outcomes in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery. Anesth Analg 2011; 114:380-90
44 CARSON JL, DUFF A, POSES RM, et al. Effect of anaemia and cardiovascular disease on surgical mortality and morbidity. Lancet 1996; 348:1055-60
45 CARSON JL, GROSSMAN BJ, KLEINMAN S; et al. Red blood cell transfusion: A clinical parctice guideline from the AABB. Ann Intern Med 2012; 157:49-58
46 CARSON JL, NOVECK H, BERLIN JA, GOULD SA. Mortality and morbidity in patients with very low postoperative Hb levels who decline blood transfusion. Transfusion 2002; 42:812-8
47 CARVALHO G, MOORE A, QIZILBASH B, et al. Maintenance of normoglycemia during cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 2004; 99:319-24
48 CHAKRAVARTHY M, THIMMANGOWDA P, KRISHNAMURTY J, et al. Thoracic epidural anesthesia in cardiac surgical patients: A prospective audit of 2’113 cases. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2005; 19:44-8
49 CHANEY MA. Intrathecal and epidural anesthesia and analgesia for cardiac surgery. Review article. Anesth Analg 2006; 102: 45-64
50 CHASSOT PG, MARCUCCI C, DELABAYS A, SPAHN DR. Perioperative antiplatelet therapy. Am Fam Physician 2010; 82:1484-9
51 CHASSOT PG, MARCUCCI C. Thérapie antiplaquettaire. Potentiels et dangers des nouveaux agents. Cardiovasc 2010; 9:9-12
52 CHENG DCH. Fast-track cardiac surgery: Economic implications in postoperative care. J Cardiothor Vasc Anesth 1998; 12:72-9
53 CHENG DCH, KARSKI J, PENISTON C, et al. Early tracheal extubation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery reduces costs and improves resource use. Anesthesiology 1996; 85:1300-10
54 CHONG JL., PILLAI R, FISHER A, et al. Cardiac surgery: moving away from intensive care. Br Heart J 1992; 68:430-3
55 CIOFOLO M, REIZ S. Circulatory effects of volatile anesthetic agents. Minerva Anaesthesiol 1999; 65:232-8
56 COLLET JP, CUISSET T, RANGE G, et al. Bedside monitoring to adjust antiplatelet therapy for coronary stenting. N Engl J Med 2012; 367:2100-9
57 CONZEN PF, VOLLMAR B, HABAZETTL H, et al. Systemic and regional hemodynamics of isoflurane and sevoflurane in rats. Anesth Analg 1992; 74:79-88
58 COOK DJ, ROOKE GA. Priorities in perioperative geriatrics. Anesth Analg 2003; 96:1823-36
59 CORIAT P. Renin angiotensin aldosterone systems blockade and perioperative left ventricular function. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2003; 7:55-8
60 CORIAT P, BARON JF. Effets cardiovasculaires des anesthésiques volatils halogénés. In: CORIAT P. Le risque cardiovasculaire de l’anesthésie. Paris : Arnette, 1990, p 19-36
61 CORIAT P, PAMELA F, EVANS J, et al. Left ventricular function monitored by transesophageal 2-D echocardiography during induction of anesthesia. Anesthesiology 1986; 65:A26
62 CORTEZ DO, BARROS TG, NJIMI H, VINCENT JL. Crystalloids versus colloids: exploring differences in fluid requirements by systematic review and meta-regression. Anesth Analg 2015; 120:389-402
63 CROSS DA, NIKAS D. The effects of carbon dioxide management on plasma levels of fentanyl and sufentanil during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1994; 8:649-52
64 Czerny M, Baumer H, Kilo J, et al. Inflammatory response and myocardial injury following coronary artery bypass grafting with or without cardiopulmonary bypass. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2000; 17: 737-42
65 D’ALESSANDRO C, LEPRINCE P, GOLMARD JL, et al. Strict glycemic control reduces EuroSCORE expected mortality in diabetic patients undergoing myocardial revascularisation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2007; 134:29-37
66 DAWSON PJ, BJORKSTEN AR, BLAKE DW, et al. The effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on total and unbound plasma concentration of propofol and midazolam. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1997; 11:556-61
67 DE HERT SG, CROMHEECKE S, TEN BROECKE PW, et al. Effects of propofol, desflurane and sevoflurane on recovery of myocardial function after coronory surgery in elderly high-risk patients. Anesthesiology 2003; 99:314-23
68 DE HERT S, VAN DER LINDEN PJ, CROMHEECKE S, et al. Cardioprotective properties of sevoflurane in patients undergoing coronary surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are related to the modalities of its administration. Anesthesiology 2004; 101:299-310
69 DENAULT AY, BUSSIERES J, CARRIER M, et al. The importante of difficult separation from cardiopulmonary bypass: the Montreal and Quebec Heart Institute experience. Exp Clin Cardiol 2006; 11:37
70 DENAULT AY, DESCHAMPS A, MURKIN JM. A proposed algorithm for the intraoperative use of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007; 11:274-81
71 DENAULT AY, DESCHAMPS A, COUTURE P. Intraoperative hemodynamic instability during and after separation from cardiopulmonary bypass. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010; 14:165-82
72 DE OLIVEIRA GS, KNAUTZ JS, SHERWANI S, et al. Systemic magnesium to reduce postoperative arrhythmias after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26: 643-50
73 DERSCHWITZ M, RANDEL GI, ROSOW CE, et al. Initial clinical experience with remifentanil, a new opioid metabolized by esterases. Anesth Analg 1995; 81:619-27
74 DEVEREAUX PJ, YANG H, YUSUF S, et al, for the POISE Study Group. Effects of extended-release metoprolol succinate in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery (POISE-trial): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2008; 371:1839-47
75 DE WAAL BA, BUISE MP, VAN ZUNDERT AAJ. Perioperative statin therapy in patients at high risk for cardiovascular morbidity undergoing surgery: a review. Br J Anaesth 2015; 114:44-52
76 DE WAAL EE, REX S, KRUITWAGEN CL, et al. Dynamic preload indicators fail to predict fluid responsiveness in open-chest conditions. Crit Care Med 2009; 37:510-5
77 DIELMAN JM, NIERICH AP, ROSSEEL PM, et al. Intraoperative high-dose dexamethasone for cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2012; 308:1761-7
78 DJAIANI GN, ALI M, HEINRICH L, et al. Ultra-fast anesthetic technique facilitates operating room extubation in patients undergoing off-pump coronary revascularization surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2001; 15:152-7
79 DJAIANI G, FEDORKO L, BEATTIE S. Regional anesthesia in cardiac surgery: A friend or a foe ? Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2005; 9:87-104
80 DOMANSKI MJ, MAHAFFEY K, HASSELBLAD V, et al. Association of myocardial enzyme elevation and survival following coronary artery bypass graft surgery. JAMA 2011; 305:585-91
81 DOUKETIS JD, SPYROPOULOS AC, SPENCER FA, et al. Perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy : Antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed. American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines, Chest 2012 ; 141 (2 suppl) : e326S-50S
82 DUNCAN AE, ABD-ELSAYED A, MAHESHWARI A, et al. Role of intraoperative and postoperative blood glucose concentrations in predicting outcomes after cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2010; 112:860-71
83 EBERT TJ, KANITZ DD, KAMPINE JP. Inhibition of synpathetic neural outflow during thiopental anesthesia in humans. Anesth Analg 1990; 71:319-26
84 EBERT T.J., MUZZI M. Sympathetic hyperactivity during desflurane anesthesia in healthy volunteers: A comparison with isoflurane. Anesthesiology 1993; 79: 444-453
85 EBERT TJ, MUZI M, BERENS R, et al. Sympathetic responses to induction of anesthesia in humans with propofol or etomidate. Anesthesiology 1992; 76:725-33
86 EGER EI. Age, minimal alveolar anesthetic concentration, and minimum alveolar anesthetic concentration-awake. Anesth Analg 2001; 93:947-53
87 ELTZSCHIG HK, Rosenberger p, löffler m, et al. Impact of intraoperative transesophageal
echocardiography on surgical decisions in 12,566 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac
Surg 2008;85 :845-53
88 ENDER J, BORGER MA, SCHOLZ M, et al. Cardiac surgery fast-track treatment in a postanesthetic care unit. Anesthesiology 2008; 109:61-6
89 ENGOREN MC, HABIB RH, ZACHARIAS A, et al. Effect of blood transfusion on long-term survival after cardiac operation. Ann Thorac Surg 2002; 74:1180-6
90 FAWCETT WJ, EDWARDS RE, QUINN AC, et al. Thoracic epidural analgesia started after cardiopulmonary bypass: adrenergic, cardiovascular and respiratory sequelae. Anaesthesia 1997; 52:294-9
91 FELLAHI JL, PARIENTI JJ, HANOUZ JL, et al. Perioperative use of dobutamine in cardiac surgery and adverse cardiac outcome. Anesthesiology 2008; 108:979-87
92 FERGUSON BD, MANECKE GR. Goal-directed therapy in cardiac surgery: are we there yet? J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2013;27:1075-8
93 FERGUSON TB, COOMBS LP, PETERSON ED. Preoperative -blocker use and mortality and morbidity following CABG surgery in North America. JAMA 2002; 287:2221-7
94 FERRANDO C, SORO M, BELDA FJ. Protection strategies during cardiopulmonary bypass: ventilation, anesthetics and oxygen. Curr Opin Anesthesiol 2015; 28:73-80
95 FERRARIS VA, BROWN JR, DESPOTIS GJ, et al. 2011 update to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons and the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists blood conservation Clinical Practice Guidelines. Ann Thorac Surg 2011; 91:944-82
96 FILLINGER MP, YEAGER MP, DODDS TM, et al. Epidural anesthesia and analgesia: Effects on recovery from cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2002; 16:15-20
97 FINFER S, CHITTOCK DR, SU SY, et al. Intensive versus conventional glucose control in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 2009; 360:1283-97
98 FINNEY SJ, ZEKVELD C, ELIA A, et al. Glucose control and mortality in critically ill patients. JAMA 2003; 290:2041-7
99 FISCHER GW, LEVIN MA. Vasoplegia drrung cardiac surgery: current concepts and management. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2010; 22:140-4
100 FURNARY AP, GAO G, GRUNKEMEIER GL, et al. Continuous insulin infusion reduces mortality in patients with diabetes undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2003; 125-1007-21
101 FURNARY AP, WU Y. Clinicals effects of hypergéycemia in the cardiac surgery population: the Portland Diabetic Project. Endocr Pract 2006; 12:22-6
102 GAFFNEY AM, SLADEN RN. Acute kidney injury in cardiac surgery. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2015; 28:50-9
103 GANDHI GY, NUTTALL GA, ABEL MD, et al. Intensive intraoperative insulin therapy versus conventional glucose management during cardiac surgery. Ann Int Med 2007; 146:233-43
104 GARCIA-DELGADO M, NAVARRETE-SANCHEZ I, COLMENERO M. Preventing and managing perioperative pulmonary complications following cardiac surgery. Curr Opin Anesthesiol 2014; 27:146-52
105 GEDNEY JA, GHOSH S. Pharmacokinetics of analgesics, sedatives and anaesthetic agents during cardiopulmonary bypass. Br J Anaesth 1995; 75:344-51
106 GEKIERE JP, VALAT P, GOSSE P, KABBANI Y, JANVIER G. Fonction diastolique ventriculaire gauche: physiologie, physiopathologie, évaluation, moyens thérapeutiques, incidence en anesthésie. Ann Fr Anesth Réanim 1998; 17:319-39
107 GERHARDT MA, BOOTH JV, CHESNUT LC, et al. Acute myocardial beta-adrenergic receptor dysfunction after cardiopulmonary bypass in patients with cardiac valve disease. Circulation 1998; 98:II275-II281
108 GEYER TE, NAIK MJ, PILLAI R. Anterior spinal artery syndrome after elective coronary artery bypass grafting. Ann Thorac Surg 2002; 73:1971-3
109 GILLIES MA, HABICHER M, JHANJI S, et al. Incidence of postoperative death and acute kidney injury associated with i..v. 6% hydroxyethyl starch use: systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Anaesth 2014; 112:25-34
109a GLANCE LG, KELLERMANN AL, HANNAN EL, et al. The impact of anesthesiologists on coronary artery bypass graft surgery outcomes. Anesth Analg 2015; 120:526-33
110 GOEPFERT MSG, REUTER DA, AKYOL D, et al. Goal-directed fluid management reduces vasopressor and catecholamine use in cardiac surgery patients. Intensive Care Med 2007; 33:996-103
111 GOERTZ AW, SEELING W, HEINRICH H, et al. Influence of high thoracic epidural anesthesia on left ventricular contractility assessed using the end-systolic pressure-length relationship. Acta Anaesthesiol. Scand 1993; 37:38-44
112 GOGARTEN W, VANDERMEULEN E, VAN AKEN H, et al. Regional anaesthesia and antithrombotic agents: recommendations of the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2010; 27:999-1015
113 GOLDSTEIN S, DEAN D, KIM SJ, et al. A survey of spinal and epidural techniques in adult cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2001; 15:158-68
114 GORDON PC, MORRELL DF, PAMM JD. Total intravenous anesthesia using propofol and alfentanil for coronary artery bypass surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1994; 8:284-8
115 GRAVES CL, McDERMOTT RW, BIDWAI AA. Cardiovascular effects of isoflurane in surgical patients. Anesthesiology 1974; 41:486-9
116 GRECO M, LANDONI G, BIONDI-ZOCCAI G, et al. Remifentanil in cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26:110-6
116a GREENBERG S, TUNG A. But is it safe ? Hydroxyethyl starch in perioperative care. Anesth Analg 2015; 120:519-21
117 GRIESDALE DE, DE SOUZA RJ, VAN DAM RM, et al. Intensive insulin therapy and mortality among critically ill patients: A meta-analysis including NICE-SUGAR study data. Can Med Ass J 2009; 180:821-7
118 GRIFFIN MG, HINES RL. Management of perioperative ventricular dysfunction. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2001; 15:90-106
119 GRONDIN CM, CAMPEAU L, LESPERANCE J, et al. Comparison of late changes in internal mammary artery and saphenous vein grafts in two consecutive series of patients 10 years after operation. Circulation 1984; 70:1208-12
120 HABIB RH, ZACHARIAS A, SCHWANN TA, et al. Role of hemodilutional anemia and transfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass in renal injury after coronary revascularization: Implications on operative outcome. Crit Care Med 2005; 33:1749-56
121 HABICHER M, PERRINO A, SPIESS CD, et al. Contemporary fluid management in cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011; 25:1141-53
122 HALL RI. Cardiopulmonary bypass and the systemic inflammatory response: Effects on drug actions. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2002; 16:83-98
123 HALL RI, MURPHY JT, LANDY-MORE R, et al. Myocardial metabolic changes during propofol anesthesia for cardiac surgery in patients with reduced ventricular function. Anesth Analg 1993;77:680-9
124 HAMILTON MA, CECCONI M, RHODES A. A systematic review and meta-analysis on the use of preemptive hemodynamic intervention to improve postoperative outcomes in moderate and high-risk surgical patients. Anesth Analg 2011; 112:1392-402
125 HAMMAREN E, YLI-HANKALA A, ROSENBERG PH, et al. Cardiopulmonary bypass-induced changes in plasma concentration of propofol and in auditory evoked potentials. Br J Anaesth 1996; 77:360-4
126 Harder S, Klinkhardt U, Alvarez JM. Avoidance of bleeding during surgery in patients receiving anticoagulant and/or antiplatelet therapy. Clin Pharmacokin 2004; 43: 963-81
127 HARRIS DN, OATRIDGE A, DOB D, et al. Cerebral swelling after normothermic cardipulmonary bypass. Anesthesiology 1998; 88:340-7
128 HARRISON RW, HASSELBLAD V, MEHTA RH, et al. Effect of levosimendan on survival and adverse events after cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2013; 27:1224-32
129 HARTOG CS, KOHL M, REINHART K. A systematic review of third-generation hydroxyethyl starch (HES 130/0.4) in ressuscitation: safety not adequately adressed. Anesth Analg 2011; 112:635-45
130 HEIKKILA H, JALONEN J, AROLA M, et al. Midazolam as adjunct to high-dose fentanyl anesthesia for coronary bypass grafting operation. Acta Anaestesiol Scand 1984; 28:683-92
131 HELMAN JD, LEUNG JM, BELLOWS WH, et al. The risk of myocardial ischemia in patients receiving desflurane versus sufentanil anesthesia for coronary artery bypass surgery. Anesthesiology 1992; 77:47-62
132 HEMMES SNT, NETO AS, SCHULTZ MJ. Intraoperative ventilatory strategies to prevent postoperative pulmonary complications: a meta-analysis. Curr Opin Anesthesiol 2013; 26:126-33
133 HENNEIN HA. Inflammation after cardiopulmonary bypass: therapy for the postpump syndrome. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2001; 5:236-55
134 HESSEL EA, HILL AG. Circuitry and canulation techniques. In: GRAVLEE GP (ed). Cardiopulmonary bypass:principles and practice, 2nd edition. Philadelphia, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2000, p 70
135 HICKEY PR, HANSEN DD, STAFFORD M, et al. Pulmonary and systemic hemodynamic effects of nitrous oxide in infants with normal and elevated pulmonary vascular resistance. Anesthesiology 1986; 65:374-8
136 HICKEY RF, SYBERT PE, VERRIER ED, et al. Effects of halothane, enflurane and isoflurane on coronary blood flow autoregulation and coronary vascular reserve in the canine heart. Anesthesiology 1988; 68:21
137 HIGGINS TL. Issues regarding early extubation after coronary artery bypass surgery. J Cardiothor Vasc Anesth 1995; 9(suppl 1):4-29
138 HILLIS LD, SMITH PK, ANDERSON JL, et al. 2011 ACCF/AHA Guideline for coronary artery bypass graft surgery: Executive summary. Anesth Analg 2012; 114:11-45
139 HO AM, CHUNG DC, JOYNT GM. Neuraxial blockade and haematoma in cardiac surgery: estimating the risk of a rare adverse event that does not (yet) occured. Chest 2000; 117:551-5
140 HOEFT A, BUHRE W. Anesthesia and the cardiovascular system. in: PRIEBE HJ, SKARVAN K. Cardiovascular physiology. London: BMJ Publishing Group, 1995, pp 272-306
141 HOHL CM, KELLY-SMITH CH, YEUNG TC, et al. The effect of a bolus dose of etomidate on cortisol levels, mortality, and Health Services utilization: a systematic review. Ann Emerg Med 2010; 56:105-13
142 HORLOCKER TT. Regional anaesthesia in the patient receiving antithrombotic and antiplatelet therapy. Br J Anaesth 2011; 107(S1):i96-i106
143 HOWIE MB, SMITH DF, REILEY TE, et al. Postoperative course after sufentanil or fentanyl anesthesia for coronary artery surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1991; 5:485-94
144 HUDSON RJ, THOMPSON IR, JASSAL R, et al. Cardiopulmonary bypass has minimal effect on the pharmacokinetics of fentanyl in adults. Anesthesiology 2003; 99:847-54
145 HUG CC, DELANGE S, BURM AGL. Alfentanil pharmacokinetics in patients before and after cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesth Analg 1983; 62:245
146 HUGHES MA, GLASS PS, JACOBS JR. Context-sensitive half-time in multicompartment pharmacokinetic models for intravenous anesthetic drugs. Anesthesiology 1992; 76:334
147 HYNYNEN M, HAMMAREN E, ROSENBERG PH. Propofol sequestration within the extracorporeal circuit. Can J Anaesth 1994; 41:583-8
148 IACCARINO G, et al. Reciprocal in vivo regulation of myocardial G-protein coupled receptor kinase expression by -adrenergic receptor stimulation and blockade. Circulation 1998; 98:1783-9
149 IRISH CL, MURKIN JM, CLELAND A, et al. Neuromuscular blocked significantly decreases systemic oxygen consumption during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1991; 5:132-4
150 ISETTA C, BERNAGE F. Les solutes cristalloïdes hypertoniques en chirurgie cardiaque. ITBM-RBM 2005; 26:S56-S60
151 ISETTA C, CADUSSEAU JL. Circuits de circulation extracorporelle: matériels réutilisables, matériels à usage unique. In: JANVIER G, LEHOT JJ (ed). Circulation extracorporelle: principes et pratique, 2ème édition. Paris: Arnette Groupe Liaison SA, 2004, pp 59-86
152 IZZAT MB, YIM APC. Minimal-access or minimally invasive surgery ? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1998; 115:258
153 JABRE P, COMBES X, LAPOSTOLLE F, et al. Etomidate versus ketamine for rapid sequence intubation in acutely ill patients: a multicentre randomized controlled trial. Lancet 2009; 374:293-300
154 JACKSON WJ. Should we use etomidate as an induction agent for endotracheal intubation in patient with septic shock ? A critical appraisal. Chest 2005; 127:1031-8
155 JACOBSOHN E, FERDINAND F, ALBERTUCCI M, et al. Minimally invasive CABG: Anesthetic technique and outcome. Anesth Analg 1997 ; 84:591-8
156 JAIN U, LAFLAMME CJA, AGGARWAL A, et al. Electrocardiographic and hemodynamic changes and their association with myocardial infarction during coronary artery bypass surgery. Anesthesiology 1997; 86:576-91
157 JAKOBSEN CJ, BHAVSAR R, NIELSEN DV, et al. High thoracic epidural analgesia in cardiac surgery: Part 1 – High thoracic epidural analgesia improves cardiac performance in cardiac surgery patients. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26:1039-47
158 JAMES MFM. Magnesium: an emerging drug in anaesthesia. Brit J Anaesth 2009; 103:465-7
159 JI F, LI Z, NGUYEN H, et al. Perioperative dexmedetomidine improves outcomes of cardiac surgery. Circulation 2013; 127:1576-84
160 JONES DR, LEE HT. Protecting the kidney during critical illness. Curr Opin Anesthesiol 2007; 20:106-12
161 JONES KW, CAIN AS, MITCHELL JH, et al. Hyperglycemia predicts mortality after CABG: postoperative hyperglycemia predicts dramatic increases in mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. J Diabetes Complic 2008; 22:365-70
162 KAMMING D, DAVIES W. Thoracic epidural analgesia for coronary artrey surgery. A bridge too far ? Eur J Anaesthesiol 2005; 22:85-8
163 KAPOOR PM, KAKANI M, CHOWDHURY U, et al. Early goal-directed therapy in moderate to high-risk cardiac surgery patients. Ann Card Anesth 2008; 11:27-34
164 KARAGOZ HY, SONMEZ B, BAKKALOGLU, et al. Coronary artery bypass grafting in the conscious patient without endotracheal general anesthesia. Ann Thorac surg 2000; 70:91-6
165 KARKOUTI K, Djaiani G, Borger MA, et al. Low hematocrit during cardiopulmonary bypass is associated with increased risk of perioperative stroke in cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 2005; 80:1381-7
165a KARKOUTI K, McCLUSKEY SA, CALLUM J, et al. Evaluation of a novel transfusion algorithm employing point-of-care coagulation assays in cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2015; 122:560-70
166 KARKOUTI K, WIJEYSUNDERA DN, BEATTIE S, et al. Risk associated with preoperative anaemia in cardiac surgery. A multicenter cohort study. Circulation 2008; 117:478-84
167 KAUL TK, FIELDS BL. Postoperative acute refractory right ventricular failure: incidence, pathogenesis, management and prognosis. Cardiovasc Surg 2000; 8:1-9
168 KAVANAGH BP, MAZER D, PANOS A, et al. Effects of warm heart surgery on perioperative management of patients undergoing urgent cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1992; 6:127-131
169 KERTAI MD, WHITLOCK EL, AVIDAN MS. Brain monitoring with electroencephalography and the electroencephalogram-derived Bispectral Index during cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 2012; 114:533-46
170 KESSLER P, AYBEK T, NEIDHART G, et al. Comparison of three anesthetic techniques for off-pump coronary artrey bypass grafting: General anesthesia, combined general and high thoracic epidural anesthesia, or high thoracic epidural anesthesia alone. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2005; 19:32-9
171 KIKURA M, SATO S. The efficacy of preemptive milrinone or amrinone therapy in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Anesth Analg 2002; 94:22-30
172 KIRNO K, FRIBERG P, GRZEGORCZYK A, et al. Thoracic epidural anesthesia during coronary artery bypass surgery: Effects on cardiac sympathetic activity, myocardial blood flow and metabolism, and central hemodynamics. Anesth Analg 1994; 79:1075-81
173 KISSIN I, MOTOMURA S, AULTMANN DF, et al. Inotropic and anesthetic potencies of etomidate and thiopental in dogs. Anesth Analg 1983; 62:961-5
174 KLOCKGETHER-RADKE AP, SCHULZE H, NEUMANN P, HELLIGE G. Activation of the K+ channel BKCa is involved in the relaxing effect of propofol on coronary arteries. Eur J Anaesthsiol 2004; 21:226-30
175 KOCH CG, LI L, DUNCAN AI, et al. Transfusion in coronary artery bypass grafting is associated with reduced long-term survival. Ann Thorac Surg 2006; 81:1650-7
176 KOMATSU R, YOU J, MASCH EJ, et al. Anesthetic induction with etomidate, rather than propofol, is associated with increased 30-day mortality and cardiovascular morbidity after noncardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 2013; 117:1329-37
177 KORTE W, CATTANEO M, CHASSOT PG, et al. Perioperative management of antiplatelet therapy in patients with coronary artery disease. Thromb Haemost 2011; 105: 743-9
178 KOSTER A, SCHIRMER U. Re-evaluation of the role of antifibrinolytic therapy with lysine analogs during cardiac surgery in the post aprotinin era. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2011; 24:92-7
179 KOZEK-LANGENECKER SA, AFSHARI A, ALBALADEJO P, et al. Management of severe perioperative bleeding : Guidelines from the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2013; 30:270-82
180 KRAUSE TJ. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting: What is the best approach ? Ann Thorac Surg 1998; 65:1196
181 KRISHNADASAN B, HAMPTON CR, GRISCAVAGE-ENNIS J, et al. Molecular mechanisms of neurologic injury following cardiopulmonary bypass. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2002; 6:43-53
182 KULIER A, LEVIN J, MOSER R, et al. Impact of preoperative anemia on outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Circulation 2007; 116:471-9
183 LAFFEY JG, BOYLAN JF, CHENG DC. The systemic inflammatory response to cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2002; 97:215-52
184 LAHEY SJ, BORLASE BC, LAVIN PT, et al. Preoperative risk factors that predict hospital length of stay in coronary artery bypass patients > 60 years old. Circulation 1992; 86(suppl II):181-185
185 LANDONI G, BIONDI-ZOCCAI GGL, GRECO M, et al. Effects of levosimendan on mortality and hospitalization: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Crit Care Med 2012; 40:634-46
186 LANDONI G, BIONDI-ZOCCAI GGL, ZANGRILLO A, et al. Desflurane and sevoflurane in cardiac surgery: A meta-analysis of randomized clinical rials. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007; 21:502-11
187 LANDONI G, AUGOUSTIDES JG, GUARRACINO F, et al. Mortality reduction in cardiac anesthesia and intensive care: results of the first International Consensus Conference. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2011; 55:259-66
188 LANDONI G, GRECO T, BIONI-ZOCCAI G, et al. Anaesthetic drugs and survival: a Bayesian network meta-analysis of randomized trials in cardiac surgery. Br J Anaesth 2013; 886-96
189 LANDONI G, RODSETH RN, SANTINI F, et al. Randomized evidence for reduction of perioperative mortality. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26:764-72
190 LANGE M, ERTMER C, VAN AKEN H, et al. Intravascular volume therapy with colloids in cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011; 25:847-55
191 LANSDORP B, LEMSON J, VAN PUTTEN MJAM, et al. Dynamic indices do not predict volume responsiveness in routine clinical practice. Br J Anaesth 2012; 108:395-401
192 LAVIGNE D. Vasopressin and methylene blue: alternate therapies in vasodilatory shock. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2010; 14:186-9
193 LAZAR HL, CHIPKIN SR, FITZGERALD CA, et al. Tight glycemic control in diabetic coronary artery bypass graft patients improves perioperative outcomes and decreases recurrent ischemic events. Circulation 2004; 109:1497-502
194 LAZAR HL, McDONNELL M, CHIPKIN SR, et al. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Practice Guideline Series: blood glucose management during adult cardiac surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 2009; 87:663-9
195 LENA P, BALARAC N, ARNULF JJ, et al. Fast-track coronary artery bypass grafting surgery under general anesthesia with remifentanil and spinal analgesia with morphine and clonidine. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2005; 19:49-53
196 LEONG JY, BAKER RA, SHAH PJ, et al. Clopidogrel and bleeding after coronary artery bypass surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 2005; 80: 928-33
197 LEUNG JM, GOEHNER P, O’KELLY BF, et al. Isoflurane anesthesia and myocardial ischemia. Anesthesiology 1991; 74:838-45
198 LEUNG JM, HOLLENBERG M, O’KELLY BF, et al. Effects of steal-prone anatomy on intraoperative myocardial ischemia. The SPI Research Group. J Am Coll Cardiol 1992; 20:1205-12
199 LIAKOPOULOS OJ, CHOI YH, HALDENWANG PL, et al. Impact of preoperative statin therapy on adverse postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis of over 30’000 patients. Eur Heart J 2008; 29:1548-59
200 LICKER M, SCHWEIZER A. Vasopressin and postcardiopulmonary bypass refractory hypotension. Anesth Analg 1999; 88:695
201 LIEM TH, HASENBOS MA, BOOIJ LH, et al. Coronary artery bypass grafting using two different anesthetic techniques: Part II: Adrenergic response. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1992; 6:162-7
202 LIEM TH, HASENBOS MA, BOOIJ LH, et al. Coronary artery bypass grafting using two different anesthetic techniques: Part III: Postoperative outcome. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1992; 6:156-61
203 LIU SS, BLOCK BM, WU CL. Effects of perioperative central neuraxial analgesia on outcome after coronary artery bypass surgery: A meta-analysis. Anesthesiology 2004; 101:153-61
204 LIU H, FOX CJ, ZHANG S, KAYE AD. Cardiovascular pharmacology: an update. Anesthesiology Clin 2010; 28:723-38
205 LOICK HM, SCHMIDT C, VAN HAKEN H, et al. High thoracic epidural anesthesia, but not clonidine, attenuates the perioperative stress response via sympatholysis and reduces the release of Troponin I in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Anesth Analg 1999; 88:701-9
206 LOMBARD FW, GRICHNIK KP. Update on management strategies for separation from cardiopulmonary bypass. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2011; 24:49-57
207 LURATI BUSE GAL, BOLLIGER D, SEEBERGER E, et al. Troponin T and B-Type Natriuretic Peptide after on-pump cardiac surgery. Circulation 2014; 130:948-57
208 MAGNUSSON L, ZEMGULIS V, RENLING A, et al. Use of a vital capacity maneuver to prevent atelectasis after cardiopulmonary bypass. Anesthesiology 1998; 88:134-42
209 MAHARAJ R, METAXA V. Levosimendan and mortality after coronary artery revascularisation: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Critical Care 2011; 15:R140
210 MANARA AR, MONK CR, BOLSIN S, PRYS-ROBERTS C. Propofol-alfentanil infusions for anesthesia during CABG. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 1990; 4(suppl 1):107-15
211 MANGANO DT, TUDOR I, DIETZEL C, et al. The risk associated with aprotinin in cardiac surgery. N Engl J Med 2006; 354:353-65
212 MANGANO DT, SILISIANO D, HOLLENBERG M, et al. Postoperative myocardial ischemia therapeutic trials using intensive analgesia following surgery. Anesthesiology 1992; 76:342
213 MARTY J, NITENBERG A, BLANCET F. Effects of midazolam on the coronary circulation in patients with coronary artery disease. Anesthesiology 1986; 64:206
214 MASLOW AD, REGAN MM, PANZICA P, et al. Precardiopulmonary bypass right ventricular function is associated with poor outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Anesth Analg 2002; 95:1507-18
215 MAZZEFFI M, KHELEMSKY Y. Poststernotomy pain: a clinical review. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011; 25:1163-78
216 McALISTER FA, MAN J, NISTRITZ L, et al. Diabetes and coronary artery bypass surgery: An examination of perioperative glycemic control and outcomes. Diabetes Care 2003; 26:1518:24
217 McCONVILLE JF, KRESS JP. Weaning patients from the ventilator. N Engl J Med 2012; 367;2233-9
218 McILROY DR, MYLES PS, PHILLIPS LE, SMITH JA. Antifibrinolytics in cardiac surgical patients receiving aspirin: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Anaesth 2009; 102:168-78
219 McKENDRY M, McGloin H, Saberi D, et al. Randomised controlled trial assessing the impact of a nurse delivered, flow monitored protocol for optimisation of circulatory status after cardiac surgery. Br Med J 2004 ; 329 :258
220 McLEOD GA, DAVIES HTO, MUNNOCH N, et al. Postoperative pain relief using thoracic epidural analgesia: outstanding success and disappointing failures. Anaesthesia 2001; 56:75-81
221 McLOUGHLIN TM. Complications of minimally invasive cardiac surgical procedures. Seminars Cardiothor Vasc Anesth. 1999; 3:136-42
222 McPHEE LC, BADAWI O, FRASER GL, et al. Single-dose etomidate is not associated with increased mortality in ICU patients with sepsis: analysis of a large electronic ICU database. Crit Care Med 2013; 41:774-83
223 MEHTA Y, ARORA D. Benefits and risks of epidural analgesia in cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2014; 28:1069-75
224 MENASCHE P. Protection myocardique. In: JANVIER G, LEHOT JJ. Circulation extracorporelle: principes et pratique. Rueil: Arnette 2004, 157-218
225 MERETOJA O A, TAKKUNAN O, HEIKKILA H, et al. Haemodynamic response to nitrous oxide during high dose fentanyl pancuronium anaesthesia. Acta Anaesth Scand 1985; 291:137-41
226 MERIN RG, BERNARD JM, DOURSOUT MF, et al. Comparison of the effects of isoflurane and desflurane on cardiovascular dynamics and regional blood flow in the chronically instrumented dog. Anesthesiology 1991; 74:568-74
227 MESSENT M, SULLIVAN K, KEOGH BF, et al. Adult respiratory distress syndrome following cardiopulmonary bypass: incidence and prediction. Anaesthesia 1992; 47: 267-8
228 MICHARD F. Changes in arterial pressure during mechanical ventilation. Anesthesiology 2005; 103:419-28
229 MILLER BE, LEVY JH. The inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1997; 11:355-66
230 MILLER DR, WELLWOOD M, TEASDALE SJ, et al. Effects of anaesthetic induction on myocardial function and metabolism: A comparison of fentanyl, sufentanil, and alfentanil. Can J Anaesth 1988; 35:219
231 MITCHENFELDER JD, MILDE JH. The relationship among canine brain temperature, metabolism and function during hypothermia. Anesthesiology 1991; 75:130-6
232 MOFFITT EA, SCOVIL JE, BARKER RA, et al. The effects of nitrous oxide on myocardial metabolism and hemodynamics during fentanyl or enflurane anesthesia in patients with coronary disease. Anesth Analg 1984; 63:1071-5
233 MOGHISSI ES, KORYTKOWSKI MT, DINARDO M, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American Diabetes Association Consensus statement on inpatient glycemic control. Diabetes Care 2009; 32:1119-31
234 MOLNAR AO, COCA SG, DEVEREAUX PJ, et al. Statin use associated with a lower incidence of acute kidney injury after major elective surgery. J Am Soc Nephrol 2011; 22:939-46
235 MONTES FR, SANCHEZ SI, GIRALDO JC, et al. The lack of benefit of tracheal extubation in the operating room after coronary artery bypass surgery. Anesth Analg 2000; 91:776-80
236 MOREL J, SALARD M, CASTELAIN C, et al. Haemodynamic consequences of etomidate administration in elective cardiac surgery: a randomized double-blind study. Br J Anaesth 2011; 107:503-9
237 MULDOON SM, VAN DYKE RA, HART JL. Nitric oxide and anesthetics. Curr Opinion in Anaesthesiol 1994; 7:87-90
238 MURKIN JM, ADAMS SJ, NOVICK RJ, et al. Monitoring brain oxygen saturation during coronary bypass surgery: a randomized, prospective study. Anesth Analg 2007; 104:51-8
239 MURPHY GS, HESSEL EA, GROOM RC. Optimal perfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass : an evidence-based approach. Anesth Analg 2009; 108:1394-417
240 MURPHY GJ, REEVES BC, ROGERS CA, et al. Increased mortality, postoperative morbidity, and cost after red blood cell transfusion in patients having cardiac surgery. Circulation 2007; 116:2544-52
241 MURRAY H, MARIK PE. Etomidate for endotracheal intubation in sepsis: acknowledging the Good while accepting the Bad. Chest 2005; 127:707-8
242 MUSTAFA I, ROTH H, HANAFIAH A, et al. Effect of cardiopulmonary bypass on lactate metabolism. Intensive Care Med 2003; 29:1279-85
243 MUZI M, BERENS RA, KAMPINE JP, et al. Venodilatation contributes to propofol-mediated hypotension in humans. Anesth Analg 1992; 74:877-83
244 MUZI M, LOPATKA CW, EBERT TJ. Desflurane-mediated neurocirculatory activation in humans. Effects of concentration and rate of change on responses. Anesthesiology 1996; 79:1035-42
245 MYTHEN MG, WEBB AR. Perioperative plasma volume expansion reduces the incidence of gut mucosal hypoperfusion during cardiac surgery. Arch Surg 1995; 130:423-9
246 MYBURGH JA, FINFER S, BELLOMO R, et al. Hydroxyethyl starch or saline fluid resuscitation in intensive care. N Engl J Med 2012; 367:1901-11
247 NAKAJIMA Y, MIZOBE T, MATSUKAWAA T, et al. Thermoregulatory response to intraoperative head-down position. Anesth Analg 2002; 94:221-6
248 NALLA BP, FREEDMAN J, HARE GMT, MAZER CD. Update on blood conservation for cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26:117-33
249 NASHEF SAM, ROQUES F, SHARPLES LD, et al. EuroSCORE II. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2012; 41:734-45
250 NEUMAR RW, OTTO CW, LINK MS, et al. Part 8: Adult Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care. Circulation 2010; 122:S729-S767
251 NIELSEN DV, BHAVSAR R, GREISEN J, et al. High thoracic epidural analgesia in cardiac surgery: Part 2 – High thoracic epidural analgesia does not reduce time in or improve quality of recovery in the intensive care unit. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26:1048-54
252 NIELSEN DV, HANSEN KM, JOHNSEN SP, et al. Health outcomes with and without use of inotropic therapy in cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2014; 120:1098-108
253 NIES AS. Clinical pharmacokinetics in congestive heart failure. In: HOSENPUD J.D., GREENBERG B.H. - Congestive heart failure. Springer-Verlag, New-York, 1994, p 323-340
254 NOLAN JP, MYTHEN MG. Hydroxyethyl starch: here today, gone tomorrow. Br J Anaesth 2013; 111:321-4
255 NOVITZKY D, FONTANET H, SNYDER M, et al. Impact of tri-iodo-thyronine on the survival of high-risk patients undergoing heart surgery. Cardiology 1996; 87:509-15
256 NUTALL GA, BROST BC, CONNIS RT, et al. Practice guidelines for perioperative blood transfusion and adjuvant therapies. Anesthesiology 2006; 105:198-208
257 O’HATA H, IIDA H, WATANABE YA, et al. Hemodynamic responses induced by dopamine and dobutamine in anesthetized patients premedicated with clonidine. Anesth Analg 1999; 89:843-8
258 OHRI SK, BOWLES CW, MATHIE RT, et al. Effect of cardiopulmonary bypass perfusion protocols on gut tissue oxygenation and blood flow. Ann Thorac Surg 1997; 64:163-8
259 OKUTANI R, PHILBIN DM. ROSOW CE, et al. Effect of hypothermic hemodilutional cardiopulmonary bypass on plasma sufentanil and catecholamine concentrations in humans. Anesth Analg 1988; 67:667
260 OLLAUSSON K, MAGNUSDOTTIR H, LURJE L, et al. Anti-ischemic and anti-anginal effects of thoracic epidural anesthesia versus those of conventional medical therapy in the treatment of severe refractory unstable angina pectoris. Circulation 1997; 96:2178-82
261 OUATTARA A, LECOMTE P, LE MANACH Y, et al. Poor intraoperative blood glucose control is associated with a worsened hospital outcome after cardiac surgery in diabetic patients. Anesthesiology 2005; 103:687-94
262 OWENS EL, KASTEN GW, HESSEL EA. Spinal subarachnoid hematoma after lumbar puncture and heparinization: a case report, review of the literature, and discussion of anesthetic implications. Anesth Analg 1986; 65:1201-7
263 PAC-SOO CK, MATHEW H, MA D. Ischaemic conditioning strategies reduce ischaemia/reperfusion-induced organ injury. Br J Anaesth 2015; 114:204-16
264 PANDIT JJ, ANDRADE J, BOGOD DG, et al. 5th National Audit Project (NAP5) on accidental awareness during general anaesthesia: summary of main findings and risk factors. Br J Anaesth 2014; 113:549-59
265 PAPP Z, EDES I, FRUHWALD S, et al. Levosimendan: molecular mechanisms and clinical implications. Consensus of experts on the mechanism of action of levosimendan. Intern J Cardiol 2012; 159:82-7
266 PASSANNANTE AN. Prevention of atrial fibrilation in cardiac surgery. Curr Opin Anesthesiol 2011; 24:58-63
267 PATEL BM, CHITTOK DR, RUSSEL JA, WALLEY KR. Beneficial effects of short-term vasopressin infusion during severe septic shock. Anesthesiology 2002; 96:576-82
268 PAULISSIAN R, MAHDI M, JOSEPH NJ, et al. Hemodynamic responses to pancuronium and vecuronium during high-dose fentanyl anesthesia for coronary artery bypass grafting. J Cardiothorac Vasc Annesth 1991; 5:120-7
269 PAYEN JF, DUPUIS C, TROUVE-BUISSON T, et al. Corticosteroid after etomidate in critically ill patients: A randomized controlled trial. Crit Care Med 2012; 40:29-35
270 PEACOCK JE, LEWIS RP, TEILLY CS, et al. Effect of different rates of infusion of propofol for induction of anesthesia in elderly patients. Br J Anaesth 1990; 65:346-52
271 PEDERSEN T, ENGBAEK J, KLAUSEN NO, et al. Effects of low-dose ketamine and thiopentone on cardiac performance and myocardial oxygen balance in high-risk patients. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 1982; 26:235
272 PERNER A, HASSE N, GUTTORMSEN AB, et al. Hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.42 versus Ringer’s acetate in severe sepsis. N Engl J Med 2012; 367:124-34
273 PHILLIPS AS, McMURRAY TJ, MIRHAKUR RK, et al. Propofol-fentanyl anesthesia: A comparison with isoflurane-fentanyl anesthesia in coronary artery bypass grafting and valve replacement surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1994; 8:289-96
274 PHILIPS JM, STEDEFORD JC, HARTSILVER E, ROBERTS C. Epidural abscess complicating insertion of epidural catheters. Br J Anaesth 2002; 89:778-2
275 PÖLÖNEN P, RUOKONEN E, HIPPELÄINNEN M, et al. A prospective randomized study of goal-oriented hemodynamic therapy in cardiac surgical patients. Anesth Analg 2000; 90:1052-9
276 PRIEBE HJ. Differential effects of isoflurane on regional right and left ventricular performances, and on coronary, systemic and pulmonary hemodynamics in the dog. Anesthesiology 1987; 66:262272
277 PRYS-ROBERTS C. Anaesthesia: A practical or impractical construct. Br J Anaesth 1987; 59:1341
278 RAGHUNATHAN K, MURRAY PT, BEATTIE WS, et al. Choice of fluid in acurte illness: what should be given ? An international consensus. Br J Anaesth 2014; 113:772-83
279 REICH DL, HOSSAIN S, KROL M, et al. Predictors of hypotension after induction of general anesthesia. Anesth Analg 2005; 101:622-8
280 REICHENSPURNER H, GULIELMOS V, DANIEL WG, et al. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery. N Engl J Med 1997; 336:67-8
281 REIZ S, BALFORS E, SORENSEN MB, et al. Isoflurane is a powerful coronary vasodilator in patients with coronary artery disease. Anesthesiology 1983; 59:91
282 REUTER DA, FELBINGER TW, KILGER E, et al. Optimizing fluid therapy in mechanically ventilated patients after cardiac surgery by on-line monitoring of left ventricular stroke volume variations. Brit J Anaesth 2002; 88:124-6
283 RIDKER PM, DANIELSON E, FONSECA A, et al. Rosuvastatin to prevent vascular events in men and women with elevated C-reactive protein. N Engl J Med 2008; 359:195-207
284 RIOU B, BESSE S, LECARPENTIER Y, et al. In vitro effects of propofol on rat myocardium. Anesthesiology 1992; 76:609-18
285 RIOU B, LECARPENTIER Y, VIARS P. Inotropic effect of ketamine on rat cardiac papillary muscle. Anesthesiology 1989; 71:116-25
286 RIVERA R, ANTOGNINI JF. Perioperative drug therapy in elderly patients. Anesthesiology 2009; 110:1176-81
287 ROACH GW, KANCHUGER M, MORA MANGANO C, et al. Adverse cerebral outcomes after coronary bypass surgery. N Engl J Med 1996; 335:1857-64
288 ROBACK JD, CALDWELL S, CARSON J, et al. Evidence-based practice guidelines for plasma transfusion. Transfusion 2010; 50:1227-39
289 ROBINSON BJ, EBERT TJ, O’BRIEN TJ, et al. Mechanisms whereby propofol mediates peripheral vasodilation in humans. Sympathoinhibition or direct vascular relaxation ? Anesthesiology 1997; 86:64-72
290 ROEKAERTS P, HUYGEN JPM, DELANGE S. Infusion of propofol versus midazolam for sedation in the intensive care unit following coronary artery surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1993; 7:142-7
291 ROIZEN MF, BERGER DL, GABEL RA, et al. Practice Guidelines for pulmonary artery catheterization. An updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on pulmonary artery catheterization. Anesthesiology 2003; 99:988-1014
292 ROQUES F, MICHEL P, GOLDSTONE AR, NASHEF SAM. The logistic EuroSCORE. Eur Heart J 2003; 24:882-3
293 ROQUES F, NASHEF SAM, MICHEL P, et al. Risk factors and outcome in European cardiac surgery: analysis of the EuroSCORE multinational database of 19030 patients. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 1999; 15 :816-23
294 ROSEN DA, HAWKINBERRY DW, ROSEN KR, et al. An epidural hematoma in an adolescent patient after cardiac surgery (case report). Anesh Analg 2004; 98:966-9
295 ROSEN D, ROSEN K. Elimination of drugs and toxins during cardiopulmonary bypass. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1997; 11:337-40
296 ROYSE C, ROYSE A, SOEDING P, et al. Prospective randomized trial of high thoracic epidural analgesia for coronary artery bypass surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 2003; 75:93-100
297 ROYSTER RL. Myocardial dysfunction following cardiopulmonary bypass: Recovery patterns, predictors of inotropic needs, theoretical concepts of inotropic administration. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1993; 7(Suppl 2):19-25
298 RUFF R, REVES JG. Hemodynamic effects of lorazepam-fentanyl anesthetic induction for coronary artery bypass surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1990; 4:314-21
299 SAADA M, CATOIRE P, BONNET F, et al. Effect of thoracic epidural anesthesia combined with general anesthesia on segmental wall motion assessed by transesophageal echocardiography. Anesth Analg 1992; 75:329-35
300 SALEM R, DENAULT AY, COUTURE P, et al. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure is a predictor of mortality in cardiac surgery independently of left ventricular ejection fraction. Br J Anaesth 2006; 97:292-7
301 SALVI L, PAROLARI A, VEGLIA F, et al. High thoracic epidural anesthesia in coronary artery bypass surgery: A propensity-matched study. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007; 21:810-5
302 SANDHAM JD, HULL RD, BRANT RF, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of the use of pulmonary artery catheters in high-risk surgical patients. N Engl J Med 2003; 348:5-14
303 SAVONITTO S, D’URBANO M, CARACCIOLO M, et al. Urgent surgery in patients with a recently implanted coronary drug-eluting stent: a phase II study of “bridging” antiplatelet therapy with tirofiban during temporary withdrawal of clopidogrel. Br J Anaesth 2010; 104:285-91
304 SCHENARTS CL, BURTON JH, RIKER RR. Adrenocortical dysfunction following etomidate induction in emergency department patients. Academ Emeregency Med 2001; 8:1-7
305 SCHMIDT C, HINDER F, VAN AKEN H, et al. The effect of high thoracic epidural anesthesia on systolic and diastolic left ventricular function in patients with coronary artery diasease. Anesth Analg 2005; 100:1561-9
206 SCHMIDT C, ROOSENS C, STRUYS M, et al. Contractility in humans after coronary artery surgery. Echocardiographic assessment with preload-adjusted maximal power. Anesthesiology 1999; 91:58-70
207 SCHREIBER J, LANCE M, DE KORTE M, et al. The effect of different lung-protective strategies in patients during cardiopulmonary bypass: a meta-analysis and semiquantitative review of randomized trials. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26:448-54
208 SCHWANN NM, HILLEL Z, HOEFT A, et al. Lack of effectiveness of the pulmonary artery catheter in cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 2011; 113:994-1002
209 SCHWINN DA. Cardiac pharmacology. In: ESTEFANOUS FG, BARASH PG, REVES JG. Cardiac anesthesia. Principles and clinical practice. 2nd edition. Philadelphia:Lipppincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2001, 59-102
310 SCOTT NB, TURFREY JD, RAY DA, et al. A prospective randomized study of the potential benefits of thoracic epidural anesthesia and analgesia in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Anesth Analg 2001; 93:528-35
311 SERFONTEIN L. Awareness in cardiac anesthesia. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2010; 23:103-8
312 SHERWOOD ER, TOLIVER-KINSKY T. Mechanisms of the inflammatory response. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2004; 18:385-405
313 SHI Y, DENAULT AY, COUTURE P, et al. Biventricular filling patterns after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2006; 131:1080-6
314 SHROYER AL, COOMBS LP, PETERSON ED, et al. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons: 30-day operative mortality and morbidity risk models. Ann Thorac Surg 2003; 75:1856-64
315 SKHIRTLADZE K, BASE EM, LASSNIGG A, et al. Comparison of the effects of albumin 5%, hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 6%, and Ringer’s lactate on blood loss and coagulation after cardiac surgery. Br J Anaesth 2014; 112:255-64
316 SLIGHT RD, O’DONOHOE P, FUNG AKY, et al. Rationalizing blood transfusion in cardiac surgery: the impact of a red cell volume-based guideline on blood usage and clinical outcome. Vox Sanguinis 2008; 95:205-10
317 SLOGOFF S, KEATS AS. Does perioperative myocardial ischemia lead to postoperative myocardial infarction? Anesthesiology 1985; 62:107
318 SMETKIN AA, KIROV MY, KUZKOV VV, et al. Single transpulmonary thermodilution and continuous monitoring of central venous oxygen saturation during off-pump coronary surgery. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2009; 53:505-14
319 SMITH I, WHITE PF, NATHANSON M, GOULDSON R. Propofol: An update on its clinical use. Anesthesiology 1994; 81:1005-43
320 SNIECINSKI RM, LEVY JH. The inflammatory response to cardiopulmnary bypass. In: MONGERO LB, BECK JR (eds). On bypass. Advanced perfusion techniques. Totowa (NJ, USA): Humana Press 2010, 125-140
321 SONNTAG H, STEPHAN H, LANGE H, et al. Sufentanil does not block sympathetic response to surgical stimuli in patients having coronary artery revascularization surgery. Anesth Analg 1989; 66:584
322 SOUSA-UVA M, STOREY R, HUBER K, et al. Expert position paper on the management of antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Eur Heart J 2014; 35:1510-4
323 SPAHN DR, CASUTT M. Eliminating blood transfusions. Anesthesiology 2000; 93:242-55
324 SPAHN DR, CHASSOT PG. Con. Fluid restriction for cardiac patients during major noncardiac surgery should be replaced by goal-directed intravascular fluid administration. Anesth Analg 2006; 102:344-6
325 SPAHN DR, DETTORI N, KOCIAN R, CHASSOT PG. Transfusion in the cardiac patient. Crit Care Clin 2004; 20:269-79
326 SPRUNG J, OGLETREE-HUGHES ML, MORAVEC CS. The effects of etomidate on the contractility of failing and nonfailing human heart muscle. Anesth Analg 2000; 91:68-75
327 STAHL GL, SHERMAN SK, SMITH PK, LEVY JH. Complement activation and cardiac surgery : a novel target for improving outcomes. Anesth Analg 2012 ; 115 :759-71
328 STENSETH R, BJELLA L, BERG EM. Effect of thoracic epidural analgesia on coronary hemodynamics and myocardial metabolim in coronary artery bypass surgery. J Cardiothor Vasc Anesth 1995; 9:503-9
329 SULAIMAN S, KARTHEKEYAN RB, VAKAMUDI M, et al. The effects of dexmedetomidine on attenuation of stress response to endotracheal intubation in patients undergoing elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Ann Cardiac Anaesth 2012; 15:39-42
330 SURGENOR SD, KRAMER RS, OLMSTEAD EM, et al. The association of perioperative red blood cell transfusions and decreased long-term survival after cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 2009; 108:1741-6
331 SVEDJEHOLM R, EKROTH R, JOACHIMSSON P. et al. Myocardial uptake of amino-acids and other substrates in relation to myocardial oxygen consumption four hours after cardiac operations. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1991; 101:687-94
332 SVIRCEVIC V, NIERICH AP, MOONS KGM, et al. Thoracic epidural anesthesia for cardiac surgery. A randomized trial. Anesthesiology 2011; 114:262-70
333 SVIRCEVIC V, VAN DIJK D, NIERICH AP, et al. Meta-analysis of thoracic epidural anesthesia versus general anesthesia for cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2011; 114:271-82
334 SWENSON JD, HULLANDER RM, WINGLER K, et al. Early extubation after cardiac surgery using combined intrathecal sufentanil and morphine. J Cardiothor Vasc Anesth 1994; 8:509-14
335 SYMONS JA, MYLES PS. Myocardial protection with volatile anaesthetic agents during coronary artery bypass surgery: a meta-analysis. Br J Anaesth 2006; 97:127-36
336 TACON CL, McCAFFREY J, DELANEY A, et al. Dobutamine for patients with severe heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Intensive Care Med 2012; 38:359-67
337 TAKATA M, ROBOTHAM JL. Effects of inspiratory diaphragmatic descent on inferior vena caval venous return. J Appl Physiol 1992; 72:597-607
338 TAKATA M, WISE RA, ROBOTHAM JL. Effects of abdominal pressure on venous return: abdominal vascular zone conditions. J Appl Physiol 1990; 69:1961-72
339 TAYLOR A, HEALY M, McCARROLL M, et al. Intrathecal morphine: One year’s experience in cardiac surgical patients. J Cardiothor Vasc Anesth 1996; 10:22528
340 TEBOUL JL. Meaning of pulse pressure variation during cardiac surgery: Everything is open. Crit Care Med 2009; 37:757-8
341 TEN BROECKE PWC, DE HERT SG, MERTENS E, ADRIAENSEN HF. Effect of preoperative -blockade on perioperative mortality in coronary surgery. Br J Anaesth 2003; 90:27-31
342 THIELE RH, NEMERGUT EC, LYNCH C. The clinical implications of isolated alpha-1 adrenergic stimulation. Anesth Analg 2011; 113:297-304
343 THIELMANN M, KOTTENBERG E, KLEINBONGARD P, et al. Cardioprotective and pronostic effects of remote ischaemic preconditioning in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery: a single-centre randomised, double-blind, controlled trial. Lancet 2013; 382:597-604
344 THOMSON IR, BERGSROM RG, ROSENBLOOM M, et al. Premedication and high-dose fentanyl anesthesia for myocardial revascularisation: A comparison of lorazepam versus morphine-scopolamine. Anesthesiology 1988; 78:194-9
345 TOLLER W, ALGOTSSON L, GUARRACINO F, et al. Perioperative use of levosimendan: best practice in operative settings. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2013; 27:362-6
346 TOMIYASU S, HARA T, HASUO H, et al. Comparative analysis of systemic and coronary hemodynamics during sevoflurane anesthesia. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol 1999; 33:741
346a UBBEN JFH, LANCE MD, BUHRE WF, SCHREIBER JU. Clinical strategies to prevent pulmonary complications in cardiac surgery: an overview. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2015; 29:481-90
347 UMSHEID CA, KOHL BA, WILLIAMS K. Antifibrinolytic use in adult cardiac surgery. Curr Opin Hematol 2007; 14:455-67
348 VAN DEN BERGHE G, WOUTERS P, WEEKERS F, et al. Intensive insulin therapy in critically ill patients. N Engl J Med 2001; 345:1359-67
349 VAN DEN BERGHE G, WILMER A, HERMANS G, et al. Intensive insuline therapie in the medical ICU. N Engl J Med 2006; 354:449-61
350 VANEK T, STRAKA Z, BRUCEK P, WIDIMSKY P. Thoracic epidural anesthesia for off-pump coronary artery bypass without intubation. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2001; 20:858-60
351 VAN WERMESKERKEN GK, LARDENOYE JW, HILL SE, et al. Intraoperative physiologic variables and outcome in cardiac surgery: Part II. Neurologic outcome. Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 69:1077-83
352 VAN WEZEL HB, DEJONG SWM. Clinical use of glucose-insulin-potassium in cardiac surgery and acute myocardial infarction: an overview. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2003; 7:77-83
353 VERMEYEN KM, DE HERT SG, ERPELS FA, et al. Myocardial metabolism during anaesthesia with propofol-low dose fentanyl for coronary artery bypass surgery. Br J Anaesth 1991; 66:504-8
354 VON SPIEGEL T, GIANNARIS S, SCHORN B, et al. Effects of induction of anaesthesia with sufentanil and positive-pressure ventilation on the intra- to extrathoracic voilume distribution. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2002; 19:428-35
355 VROOM MB. Epidemiology and pharmacotherapy of acute heart failure. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2003; 7:3-12
356 WAGNER CE, BICK JS, JOHNSON D, et al. Etomidate use and postoperative outcomes among cardiac surgery patients. Anesthesiology 2014; 120:579-89
357 WHITLOCK R, TEOH K, VINCENT J, et al. Rationale and design of the steroids in cardiac surgery trial. Am Heart J 2014; 167:660-5
358 WIESENACK C, PRASSER C, RÖDIG G, KEYL C. Stroke volume variation as an indicator of fluid responsiveness using pulse contour analysis in mechanically ventilated patients. Anesth Analg 2003; 96:1254-7
359 WILDE DW, KNIGHT PR, SHETH N, et al. Halothane alters control of intracellular Ca++ mobilization in single rat ventricles myocytes. Anesthesiology 1991; 75:1075-86
360 WYNANDS JE, WONG P, WHALLEY DG, et al. Oxygen-fentanyl anaesthesia in patients with poor left ventricular function: Haemodynamics and plasma fentanyl concentrations. Anesth Anal. 1983; 62:476-82
361 WYNANDS JE, WONG P, TOWSEND GE, et al. Narcotic requirements for intravenous anesthesia. Anesth Analg 1984; 63:101
362 YANCY CW, SALTZBERG MT, BERKOWITZ RL, et al. Safety and feasibility of using serial infusions of nesiritide for heart failure in an outpatient setting (FUSION trial). Am J Cardiol 2004; 94:595-601
363 ZARBOCK A, VAN AKEN H, SCHMIDT C. Management of right ventricular dysfunction in the perioperative period. Curr Opin Anesthesiol 2014; 27:383-93
364 ZAUGG M, SCHAUB MC, FOËX P. Myocardial injury and its prevention in the perioperative setting. Br J Anaesth 2004; 93:21-33