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FERRARIS VA, BROWN JR, DESPOTIS GJ, et al. 2011 update to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons and the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists blood conservation clinical practice guidelines. Ann Thorac Surg 2011; 91:944-82
GOODNOUGH LT, LEVY JH, MURPHY MF. GOODNOUGH LT. Blood transfusion 1. Concepts of blood transfusion in adults. Lancet 2013; 381:1845-54
KOZEK-LANGENECKER SA, AFSHARI A, ALBALADEJO P, et al. Management of severe perioperative bleeding. Guidelines from the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2013; 30:270-382
NALLA BP, FREEDMAN J, HARE GMT, MAZER CD. Update on blood conservation for cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2012; 26:117-33
NAPOLITANO LM, KUREK S, LUCHETTE FA, et al. Clinical practice guideline: red blood cell transfusion in adult trauma and critical care. Crit Care Med 2009; 37:3124-57
SHANDER A, JAVIDROOZI M, OZAWA S, HARE GMT. What is really dangerous: anaemia or transfusion ? Br J Anaesth 2011; 107(S1):i41-i59
SPAHN DR, GOODNOUGH LT. Blood transfusion 2. Alternatives to blood transfusion. Lancet 2013; 381:1855-65
THEUSINGER OM, FELIX C, SPAHN DR. Strategies to reduce the use of blood products: a European perspective. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2012; 25:59-65



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8 ATZIL S, ARAD M, GLASNER A, et al. Blood transfusion promotes cancer progression: A critical role for aged erythrocytes. Anesthesiology 2008; 109:989-7
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9 BASRAN S, FRUMENTO RJ, COHEN A, et al. The association between duration of storage of transfused red blood cells and morbidity and mortality after reoperative cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 2006; 103:15-20
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13 BILGIN YM, VAN DE WATERING LMG, EIJSMAN L, et al. Double-blind, randomized controlled trial on the effect of leucocyte-depleted erythrocyte transfusions in cardiac-valve surgery. Circulation 2004; 109:2755-60
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15 BOODHWANI M, WILLIAMS K, BABAEV K, et al. Ultrafiltration reduces blood transfusions following cardiac surgery: A meta-analysis. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2006; 30:892-7
16 British Committee for Standards in Haematology: Guidelines for the use of platelet transfusions. Br J Haematol 2003; 122:10-23
17 BROWN JR, BIRKMEYER NJO, O’CONNOR GT. Meta-analysis comparing the effectiveness and adverse outcomes of antifibrinolytic agents in cardiac surgery. Circulation 2007 ; 115 :2801-13
18 CARLIER M, VO MAI MP, FAUVEAU I, et al. Seventeen years of haemovigilance in France: assessment and Outlook. Transfus Clin Biol 2011; 18:140-50
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20 CARSON JL, ALTMAN DG, DUFF A, et al. Risk of bacterial infection associated with allogeneic blood transfusion among patients undergoing hip fracture repair. Transfusion 1999; 39:694-700
21 CARSON JL, DUFF A, POSES RM, et al. Effect of anaemia and cardiovascular disease on surgical mortality and morbidity. Lancet 1996; 348:1055-60
22 CARSON JL, GROSSMAN BJ, KLEINMAN S, et al. Red blood cell transfusion: A clinical practice guideline from the AABB. Ann Intern Med 2012; 157:49-58
23 CARSON JL, KURIYAN M. What should trigger a transfusion ? Transfusion 2010; 50:2073-5
24 CARSON JL, NOVECK H, BERLIN JA, GOULD SA. Mortality and morbidity in patients with very low postoperative Hb levels who decline blood transfusion. Transfusion 2002; 42:812-8
25 CARSON JL, TERRIN ML, MAGAZINER J. Anemia and postoperative rehabilitation. Can J Anaesth 2003; 50:S60-4
26 CARSON JL, TERRIN ML, NOVECK H, et al. Liberal or restrictive transfusion in high-risk patients after hip surgery. N Engl J Med 2011; 365:2453-62
27 CASTILLO JJ, DALIA S, PASCUAL SK. Association between red blood cell transfusions and development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Blood 2010; 116:2897-907
28 CHASSOT PG, MARCUCCI C, DELABAYS A, SPAHN DR. Perioperative antiplatelet therapy. Am Fam Physician 2010; 82:1484-9
29 CHELEMER SB, PRATO BS, COX PM, et al. Association of bacterial infection and red blood cell transfusion after coronary artery bypass surgery. Ann Thorac Surg 2002; 73:138-42
30 COLEMAN CI, RIGALI VT, HAMMOND J, et al. Evaluating the safety implications of aprotinin use: The retrospective evaluation of aprotinin in cardio-thoracic surgery (REACTS). J Thor Cardiovasc Surg 2007; 133:1547-52
31 CORTET M, DENEUX-THARAUX C, DUPONT C, et al. Association between fibrinogen level and severity of postpartum haemorrhage: secondary analysis of a prospective trial. Br J Anaesth 2012; 108:984-9
32 CORWIN HL, GETTINGER A, PEARL RG, et al. The CRIT study: Anemia and blood transfusion in the critically ill – Current clinical practice in the United States. Crit Care Med 2004; 32:39-52
33 COTTON BA, AU BK, NUNEZ TC, et al. Predefined massive transfusion protocols are associated with a reduction in organ failure and postinjury complications. J Trauma 2009; 66:41-9
34 CROMHEECKE S, LORSOMRADEE S, VAN DER LINDEN PJ, et al. Moderate acute isovolemic hemodilution alters myocardial function in patients with coronary artery disease. Anesth Analg 2008; 107:1145-52
34a CURLEY GF, SHEHATA N, MAZER CD, et al. Transfusion triggers for guiding RBC transfusion for cardiovascular surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Crit Care Med 2014; 42:2611-24
35 CURRY N, DAVIS PW. What’s new in resuscitation strategies for the patient with multiple trauma? Injury Int J Care Injured 2012; 43:1021-8
35a DE ALMEIDA JP, VINCENT JL, GALAS FR, et al. Transfusion requirements in surgical oncology patients: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Anesthesiology 2015; 122:29-38
36 DEFOE GR, ROSS CS, OLMSTEAD EM, et al. Northern New England Cardiovascular Disease Study group: Lowest hematocrit on bypass and adverse outcomes associated with coronary artery bypass grafting. Ann Thorac Surg 2001; 71:769-76
37 DENAULT A, DESCHAMPS A, MURKIN JM. A proposed algorithm for the intraoperative use of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2007; 11:274-81
38 DIETRICH W, BUSLEY R, SPANNAGL M, et al. The influence of antithrombin substitution on heparin sensitivity and activation of hemostasis during coronary artery bypass graft surgery : a dose-finding study. Anesth Analg 2013 ; 116 :1223-30
39 DIPROSE P, HERBERTSON MJ, O’SHAUGHNESSY, et al. Reducing allogeneic transfusion in cardiac surgery: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of antifibrinolytic therapies used in addition to intra.operative cell salvage. Br J Anaesth 2005; 94:271-8
40 DOUKETIS JD. Perioperative management of patients who are receiving warfarin therapy: an evidence-based and practical approach. Blood 2011; 117:5044-9
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42 DUNNING J, VERSTEEGH M, FABBRI A, et al. Guidelines on antiplatelet and anticoagulation management in cardiac surgery. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2008; 34:73-92
43 ENGELBRECHT S, WOOD EM, COLE-SINCLAIR MF. Clinical transfusion practice update: haemovigilance, complications, patient blood management and national standards. Med J Aust 2013; 199:397-401
44 ENGOREN MC, HABIB RH, ZACHARIAS A, et al. Effect of blood transfusion on long-term survival after cardiac operation. Ann Thorac Surg 2002; 74:1180-6
45 ETCHASON J, PETZ L, KEELER E, et al. The cost effectiveness of preoperative autologous blood donation. N Engl J Med 1995; 332:719-24
46 FARRUGIA A. Falsification or paradigm shift ? Toward a revision of the common sense of transfusion. Transfusion 2011; 51:216-24
47 FERGUSSON DA, HEBERT PC, MAZER CD, et al. A comparison of aprotinin and lysine analogues in high-risk cardiac surgery. N Engl J Med 2008; 358:2319-32
48 FERGUSSON DA, HUTTON B, MANIATIS A, et al. Use of recumbinant human erythropoietin in orthopaedic surgery: a systematic review. 2012; 00:00-00.
49 FERNANDEZ CJ, AKAMINE N, DEMARCO FV, et al. Red blood cell transfusion does not increase oxygen consumption in critically ill septic patients. Crit Care 2001; 5:362-7
50 FERNANDEZ MC, GOTTLIEB M, MENITOCE JE. Blood transfusion and postoperative infection in orthopaedic patients. Transfusion 1992; 32:318-22
51 FERRARIS VA, BROWN JR, DESPOTIS GJ, et al. 2011 update to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons and the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists blood conservation clinical practice guidelines. Ann Thorac Surg 2011; 91:944-82
52 FERRARIS VA, DAVENPORT DL, SAHA SP, et al. Surgical outcomes and transfusion of minimal amounts of blood in the operating room. Arch Surg 2012; 147:49-55
53 FINTEL DJ. Oral antiplatelet therapy for atherothrombotic disease: overview of current and emerging treatment options. Vasc Health Risk Manag 2012; 8:77-89
54 FITZGERALD RD, MARTIN CM, DIETZ GE, et al. Transfusing red blood cells stored in citrate phosphate dextrose adenine-1 for 28 days failed to improve tissue oxygenation in rats. Crit Care Med 1997; 25:726-32
55 FLYNN EP, AUER RN. Eubaric hyperoxemia and experimental cerebral infarction. Ann Neurol 2002; 52:566-72
55a FOMINSKIY E, PUTZU A, MONACO F, et al. Liberal transfusion strategy improves survival in perioperative but not critically ill patients. A meta-analysis of randomised trials. Br J Anaesth 2015; 115:511-9
56 FRANK SM, ABAZYAN B, ONO M, et al. Decreased erythrocyte deformability after transfusion and the effects of erythrocyte storage duration. Anesth Analg 2013; 116:975-81
57 FRANK SM, SAVAGE WJ, ROTSCHILD JA, et al. Variability in blood and blood component utilization as assessed by an anesthesia information management system. Anesthesiology 2012; 117:99-106
58 FREISCHLAG JA. Intraoperative blood salvage in vascular surgery – worth the effort ? Critical Care 2004; 8(Suppl 2):S53-6
59 FRIES D, MARTINI WZ. The role of fibrinogen in trauma induced coagulopathy (TIC). Br J Anaesth 2010; 105:116-21
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61 GLANCE LG, DICK AW, MUKAMEL DB, et al. Association between intraoperative blood transfusion and mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. Anesthesiology 2011; 114:283-92
62 GOGARTEN W, VANDERMEULEN E, VAN AKEN H, et al. Regional anaesthesia and antithrombotic agents: recommendations of the European Society of Anaesthesiology. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2010; 27:999-1015
63 GOODNOUGH LT. Iron deficiency syndromes and iron.-restricted erythropoiesis. Transfusion 2012; 52:1584-92
64 GOODNOUGH LT. The use of erythropoietin to increase red cell mass. Can J Anaesth 2003; 50:S10-8
65 GOODNOUGH LT, MANIATIS A, EARNSHAW P, et al. Detection, evaluation, and management of preoperative anaemia in the elective orthopaedic surgical patient: NATA guidelines. Br J Anaesth 2011; 105:13-22
66 GOODNOUGH LT, SHANDER A. Current status of pharmacologic therapies in patient blood management. Anesth Analg 2013 ; 116 : 15-34
67 GÖRLINGER K, DIRKMANN D, HANKE AA, et al. First-line therapy with coagulation factor concentrates combined with point-of-care coagulation testing is associated with decreased allogeneic blood transfusion in cardiovascular surgery: a retrospective, single-center cohort study. Anesthesiology 2011; 115:1179-91
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69 GURALNIK JM, FERRUCCI L, SIMONSICK EM, et al. Lower-extremity function in persons over the age of 70 years as a predictor of subsequent disability. N Engl J Med 1995; 332:556-61
70 HABIB RH, ZACHARIAS A, SCHWANN TA, et al. Role of hemodilutional anemia and transfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass in renal injury after coronary revascularization: Implications on operative outcome. Crit Care Med 2005; 33:1749-56
71 HABLER OP, KLEEN MS, HUTTER JW, et al. Effects of hyperoxic ventilation on hemodilution-induced changes in anesthetized dogs. Transfusion 1998; 38:135-44
72 HAJJAR LA, VINCENT JL, GALAS FRB, et al. Transfusion requirements after cardiac surgery. The TRACS randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2010 ; 304 ;1559-67
73 HALL R, MAZER CD. Antiplatelet drugs: A review of their pharmacology and management in the perioperative period. Anesth Analg 2011; 112:292-318
74 HANNAN EL, SAMADASHVILI Z, LAHEY SS, et al. Predictors of postoperative hematocrit and association of hematocrit with adverse outcomes for coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients with cardioplmonary bypass. J Card Surg 2010 ; 25 :638-46
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76 HAWN MT, GRAHAM LA; RICHMAN JS, et al. Risk of major adverse cardiac events following noncardiac surgery in patients with coronary stents. JAMA 2013; 310:1462-72
77 HEBERT PC, FERGUSSON D, BLAJCHMAN MA, et al. Clinical outcomes following institution of the Canadian universal leukoreduction program for red blood cell transfusions. JAMA 2003; 289:1941-9
78 HEBERT PC, WELLS G, BLAJCHMAN MA, et al. Transfusion Requirements in Critical Care Investigators for the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group: A multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial of transfusion requirements in critical care. N Engl J Med 1999; 340:409-17
79 HEBERT PC, VAN DER LINDEN P, BIRO G, HU LQ. Physiologic aspects of anemia. Crit Care Clin 2004; 20:187-212
80 HENDRICKSON JE, HILLYER CD. Noninfectious serious hazards of transfusion. Anesth Analg 2009; 108:759-69
81 HEWITT PE, LLEWELYN CA, MACKENZIE J, et al. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and blood transfusion: results of the UK transfusion medicine epidemiological review study. Vox Sanguinis 2006; 91:221-30
82 HILL GE, FRAWLEY WH, GRIFFITH KE, et al. Allogeneic blood transfusion increases the risk of postoperative bacterial infections: A meta-analysis. J Trauma 2003; 54:908-14
83 HILLYER CD, LANKFORD KV, ROBACK JD, et al. Transfusion of the HIV-positive patient: Immunomodulation, viral reactivation, and limiting exposure to EBV, CMV, and HHV-6, 7, and 8. Transfusion Med Rev 1999; 13:1-10
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85 HOGUE CW, GOODNOUGH LT, MONK TG. Perioperative myocardial ischemic episodes are related to hematocrit level in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Transfusion 1998; 38:924-31
86 HOLCOMB JB, GUMBERT S. Potential value of protocols in substantially bleeding trauma patients. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2013; 26:215-20
87 HOVAV T, YEDGAR S, MANNY N, et al. Alteration of red cell aggregability and shape during blood storage. Transfusion 1999; 39:277-81
88 INABA K, BRANCO BC, RHEE P, et al. Impact of plasma transfusion in trauma patients who do not require massive transfusion. J Am Coll Surg 2010; 210:957-65
89 INNERHOFER P, WESTERMANN I, TAUBER H, et al. The exclusive use of coagulation factor concentrates enables reversal of coagulopathy and decreases transfusion rates in patients with major blunt trauma. Injury 2013; 44:209-16
90 IRISH CL, MURKIN JM, CLELAND A, et al. Neuromuscular blocked significantly decreases systemic oxygen consumption during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 1991; 5:132-4
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95 KAPETANAKIS EI, MEDLAM DA, BOYCE SW, et al. Clopidogrel administration prior to coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: the cardiologist’s panacea or the surgeon’s headache? Eur Heart J 2005; 26: 576-83
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