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1 ABDALLA IA, MURRAY RD, AWAD HE, et al. Reversal of the pattern of respiratory variation of Doppler inflow velocities in constrictive pericarditis during mechanical ventilation. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2000; 13:827-31
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12 FAEHNRICH JA, NOONE RB, WHITE WD, et al. Effects of positive-pressure ventilation, pericardial effusion, and cardiac tamponade on respiratory variation in transmitral flow velocities. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2003; 17:45-50
13 FIEDLER M, NELSON LA. Cardiac tamponade. Int Anesthesiol Clin 2005; 43:33-43
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15 HAMILTON DR, DANI DS, SEMLACHER RA, et al. Right atrial and right ventricular transmural pressures in dogs and humans. Effects of the pericardium. Circulation 1994; 90:2492-8
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17 HATLE LK, APPLETON CP, POPP RL. Differentiation of constrictive pericarditis and restrictive cardiomyopathy by Doppler Echocardiography. Circulation 1989; 79:357-70
18 HOIT BD, GABEL M, FOWLER NO. Cardiac tamponade in left ventricular dysfunction. Circulation 1990; 82:1370-6
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20 HOIT BD. Pericardial disease and pericardial tamponade. Crit Care Med 2007; 35:S355-64
21 LEEMAN D, LEVINE MJ, COME PC. Doppler echocardiography in cardiac tamponade: exaggerated respiratory variation in transvalvular blood flow velocity integrals. J Am Coll Cardiol 1988; 11:572-8
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27 MAYNARD AL, BROOKS HA, FOIX CJL. Penetrating wounds of the heart. Arch Surg 1995; 90:680-6
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30 MEYER TE, SARELI P, MARCUS RH, et al. Mechanism underlying Kussmaul’s sign in chronic constrictive pericarditis. Am J Cardiol 1989; 64:1069-73
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36 REYDEL B, SPODICK DH. Frequency and significance of chamber collapses during cardiac tamponade. Am Heart J 1990; 119:1160-3
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42 SOHN DW, KIM YJ, KIM HS, et al. Unique features of early diastolic mitral annulus velocity in constrictive pericarditis. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2004; 17:222-6
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